In 1945, UNESCO was created in order to respond to the firm belief of nations, forged by two world wars in less than a generation that political and economic agreements are not enough to build a lasting peace.

Important functions of UNESCO are the recommendation of international agreements necessary on the protection of cultural heritage, the mobilising of education and advancing knowledge and understanding, including conservation and protection of the world’s inheritance of books, works of art and monuments of history and science. The Netherlands has been a Member since 1947.